There are several good resources available to help you learn more about research data management.
If you are just starting out, you may want to read:
Good Enough Research Data Management – A Very Brief Guide (from UBC). This very brief guide presents a set of good data management practices that researchers can adopt, regardless of their data management skills and levels of expertise.
To learn more, try:
UBC Library DataGuide – a somewhat more detailed guide that takes you beyond "good enough" RDM to the development of a comprehensive plan.
And to really take it to the next level, visit:
MANTRA Research Data Management Training (University of Edinburgh) - an online, self-paced tutorial aimed at PhD students and early career researchers. A good introduction to issues and practices in research data management, with real life stories and scenarios.